architecture public works urbanism
Architecture

Architecture

is larger than our own profession and links us to the systematics of societal and cultural development. Our practice goes beyond the architectonic object as a symbol of order and stability.

Located within a time and place that demands remarkable transitions, we continuously develop our expertise and tools to propose possible undertakings for new futures.

Studio Stad is built upon the dialogue of multiple insights that are shaped by our individual interest and occupations.

Architecture

A never ending curiosity in the production and division of knowledge forms the fuel of our research and design assignments. This studiousness we share with our students at the multiple universities and academies where we are appointed to educate. Our thoughts and theories are shared by our writings, which we use to reflect on our profession and to support the development of expertise. Our occupation distinguishes itself by preparation and self initiation to propose possible new futures for remarkable objects.

1 dm2 / h
1 dm2 / h

> Average building cost of a house in the Netherlands in May 2012 is €259 / m3.

> Average an architect accepts an honorarium of 7-10% of those costs, which optimistically leads to €18,13 / m3.

> The minimum wage in the Netherlands 2012 is €1.412,00 per month or €64,92 per day with an average of 21,75 workdays a month.

> A dutch architect has to produce 3,58m3 of building a day or 1,38m2 (building regulations: minimum ceiling height 2,6m) to earn the minimum wage.

> With approx. 10% design time in a building process, architects are left with a qoutum of 14dm2 of design per day divided by 14 hours:
 
>> financial sustainable design-production is 1 dm2 per hour.

Make my day
Make my day

When one is staring in the abyss, stuck in capslock, do not move towards the light, but check the Preiser website and build your dreams in the next futile model. Never give in.

Contradicton

Contradicton

open / closed

Contradicton

The word polls originally connoted something like a "ring-wall," and it seems the Latin urbs also expressed the notion of a "circle" and was derived from the same root as orbis. We find the same connection in our word "town," which originally, like the German Zaun, meant a surrounding fence (see R. B. Onians, The Origins of European Thought [1954], p. 444, n. 1)

-work in progress-

Infrastructural heritage
Infrastructural heritage

Stichting Kerkelijk Kunstbezit in Nederland (SKKN), 1977
Federatie Industrieel Erfgoed Nederland (FIEN), 1984
Monumentenwet, 1988
Nationaal Groenfonds, 1994
Boerderij en Landschap, 2008
Infrastructureel Erfgoed, 2015

Functional green
Functional green

For decades the Bundesgartenschau is a tool for programming empty sites and is prototypical for post-event-use.

Proportion

Proportion

price / value

Proportion

painting: Goethe_(Stieler_1828)

Goethe's Second-Price Auction
I am inclined to offer Mr. Vieweg from Berlin an epic poem, Hermann and Dorothea, which will have approxi-mately 2000 hexameters.... Concerning the royalty we will proceed as follows: I will hand over to Mr. Counsel B6ttiger a sealed note which contains my demand, and I wait for what Mr. Vieweg will suggest to offer for my work. If his offer is lower than my demand, then I take my note back, unopened, and the negotiation is broken. If, however, his offer is higher, then I will not ask for more than what is written in the note to be opened by Mr. Bottiger. (Cited in Mandelkow [1968], p. 254)

The limits to growth
The limits to growth

The Guiness Book of Records is our time’s symptom of platitude canon. By benchmarking any achievement, we can push borders beyond need, scale and sanity. Let this be our ultimate effort to limit Network theory and move on.

- work in progress-

A sign
A sign

Maastricht is a city where the skyline doesn’t symbolize the profile of progress, but the conflict of urban evolution. It is an ironic chorus line of vacant icons. Sterile chimneys of has-been factories, steeples of silenced faith and extinguished electronic industrial signage weigh on our spirit. Thanks to daylight-saving night kicks in soon, so we are not constantly reminded of this petrified legacy.

The city has lost its saints and captains of industry. If one does rise to greater heights, population takes them down. Society equalizes. Power and knowledge spreads, widens, dilutes. Though our large heritage remains, soon no organization is left to deal with it.

But promise can come in small portions. The former Sphinx signage is lit once again. Lets hope this beacon lures at least three wise men from the east, or any direction for that matter, to share their power, knowledge and treasure.
NOVEMBER 5, 2012

Superset

Superset

macro / micro

Superset

We always find great numbers of central places of a lower order, i.e. lesser importance and smaller size. Beside them, we find a considerable number of central places that have a somewhat greater importance, a still smaller number of places of a higher order, and only very seldom, places of the highest order… The greater a town is, the smaller is the number … in its respective category. (Central Place Theory, Walter Christaller [1933] p. 58)

 - work in progress-

a short unjust review on Dalsgaard's 'the human scale' :
a short unjust review on Dalsgaard's 'the human scale' :

The documentary begins with a menacing cameraview promising a profound plea on urban planning, but after 20 minutes I get frustrated: what about relevant the problems of gigacities? When will the Gehl’s mention the increase of not-haves instead of walkways and bicycle lanes? Let mayors respond to the social shifts between suburb and center instead of blaming the concepts of a ninety year old modern movement. Do they still bear a grudge against their predecessors? Please move on, we have.

The earnest cliché of The Human Scale is a testimonial commercial. Effortless the critical view of the documentary is transformed into a egalitarian consensus. Unlike urbanists think, we the people unsurprisingly have a natural understanding of what a city should be. We all share the same single perspective on the good city life. Es gibt nur gute Menschen in Sezuan.
The most disturbing feature of this citybranding-movie is the conceited use of comparative advertising. The Human scale judges cities on simplified merits of urbanity and burns competitive cities as bad. Even Donald Draper would have disapproved.

NOVEMBER 13, 2013

Negation

Negation

positive / negative

Negation

Het Nolli plan, een kaart met de open en omsloten publieke ruimte van Rome, spreekt iedere ontwerper tot de verbeelding. De Leegstandskaarten daarentegen tasten juist het volmaakte stadsbeeld aan. Met een andere blik, toont een leegstandskaart dezelfde potentie als het Nolli plan, mits de lege ruimte ook publiekelijk toegankelijk wordt gemaakt. (Stad.Preparaat [2010] p.84)

Carbon footprint
Carbon footprint

This is:
a) a mark of a worshipper
b) a Marc’s carbon footprint
c) a mark of the phoenix
d) a mark of an alien landingsite

OCTOBER 29, 2012

- work in progress-

Critical mass
Critical mass

Definition:
noun [IN SINGULAR]
1. Physics The minimum amount of fissile material needed to maintain a nuclear chain reaction.

2. The minimum size or amount of resources required to start or maintain a venture:
some of our new industries are now reaching critical mass

>> Though for physics it’s the minimum amount to start or maintain a reaction, in a spatial context of demographic decline, critical mass is the maximum of retrievable quality in the process of sustainable urban design.

'What shrink'
'What shrink'

In times of ignorance man tries to map its flaws. Mapping is a tool to confirm the lack of insight. And when a map is made, it is proof of that existence (even rocks along a coastline).

But there is not one map and there is not one existence. So if we were to choose our maps, we might choose our realities. Therefor one could suggest, that in times of ignorance, we should not just choose maps delineating our failure -for example a quantitive lack of inhabitants fuelling our tax system-, but also maps that focus on qualities present, which actually do represent us on a map of the world.

image: chemicals export

Die Stadt in der Stadt. Berlin das grüne Stadtarchipel
Die Stadt in der Stadt. Berlin das grüne Stadtarchipel

Thesis 1: Berlin’s population drop
The following evaluations predict a drop in the population of Berlin during the 1980s equal to more than ten per cent of the present figure which is between 2 and 1.7 million inhabitants.
 
Comment
If we start from the assumption that these estimates are fairly exact, then it must be borne in mind that the real figures may exceed the estimated reduction because when the decrease is in progress it ends up by causing a bigger effect. A certain percentage of anxiety-prone inhabitants in fact allow themselves to be caught up in the end by an exodus psychoses with the result that the population slips below the estimated figure. Experience, however, has shown that this figure will subsequently tend to swing back upwards on the assumption that a simultaneous improvement in the quality of life occurs and that the city becomes a more congenial place to live in after a reorganization of the urban environment. In fact, without a radically improved offer no one will want to stay of his own accord in a decommercialized city, or still less, to go back there.
 
Conclusions
Any future planning for Berlin must therefore come to grips with the problem of a city in the process of depopulation. Since Berlin occupies a limited territory and political reality is such that it can be neither reduced nor increased, future strategies have got to be devised that will take into account a controlled decrease in the population density, without jeopardizing the general quality of the urban environment.
 
(Taking part in the rough drafting and elaboration of the city in the city theme where: O.M. Ungers (Berlin, Köln, Ithaca N.Y.), Rem Koolhaas (London), Peter Riemann (Ithaca N.Y., Berlin), Hans Kollhoff (Ithaca N.Y., Karlsruhe), Arthur Ovaska (Köln, Boston).
L’isolato urbano/ The Urban Block, Lotus 19 [1978])

Empty set

Empty set

experience / experiment

Empty set

Het rijpend besef, dat de stedebouw langzamerhand was uitgegroeid tot een speciaal vak met eigen beginselen en eigen wetten, deed de behoefte gevoelen om het gemeentelijk technisch apparaat in deze richting aan te vullen en te volmaken. (voorwoord Uitbreidingsplan Amsterdam [1934] p. 6)

Beachboat
Beachboat

Back in the days, when we still had our villa, we used to fantasize, how to improve the river Maas. Sometimes when it rains heavily in France and Belgium, the river visits us pedestrians in the streets, but we never get to enter its territory. Instead we create fenced-off beaches at a safe distance from the river, from which we can hardly experience the water.

Around this time all urban rivers host some sort of floating paradise. But not in Maastricht. Though we do have a buoyant, sustainable and vacant modelhome, the Maas is a waterway full with ships transporting tourists, stones, wood, metal and sand…

Next time if Beluga wants to organize something mainstream (like a beach) but still locale, perhaps they will consider our fantasy: rent this boat.
FEBRUARY 8, 2013

Foundation
Foundation

De fundering is een archaisch element in de bouwconstructie en is bouwtechnisch het meest stabiel als het gaat om technische vooruitgang en aanpassingen.

De mate van onafhankelijkheid geeft het flexibiliteit betreffende planning en compatibel met verschillende bovengrondse afwerkingen.

WE HAVE MOVED FROM THE STAGE OF THE ACCELERATION OF HISTORY TO THAT OF THE ACCELERATION OF THE REAL. THIS IS WHAT ‘THE PROGRESS’ IS: A CONSENSUAL SACRIFICE.
OCTOBER 11, 2012
-Paul Virilio-

Urban logic #2
Urban logic #2


“This month we consider Conway’s latest brainchild, a fantastic solitaire pastime he calls “life”. Because of its analogies with the rise, fall and alternations of a society of living organisms, it belongs to a growing class of what are called “simulation games”–games that resemble real-life processes. To play life you must have a fairly large checkerboard and a plentiful supply of flat counters of two colors. (Small checkers or poker chips do nicely.) An Oriental “go” board can be used if you can find flat counters that are small enough to fit within its cells. (Go stones are unusable because they are not flat.) It is possible to work with pencil and graph paper but it is much easier, particularly for beginners, to use counters and a board.

The basic idea is to start with a simple configuration of counters (organisms), one to a cell, then observe how it changes as you apply Conway’s “genetic laws” for births, deaths, and survivals. Conway chose his rules carefully, after a long period of experimentation, to meet three desiderata:
1. There should be no initial pattern for which there is a simple proof that the population can grow without limit.
2. There should be initial patterns that apparently do grow without limit.
3. There should be simple initial patterns that grow and change for a considerable period of time before coming to end in three possible ways: fading away completely (from overcrowding or becoming too sparse), settling into a stable configuration that remains unchanged thereafter, or entering an oscillating phase in which they repeat an endless cycle of two or more periods.” (Martin Gardner, Scientific American 223 [October 1970] p. 120-123)

image: Oscillator, The Game of Life, John Horton Conway (26 December 1937-)

Urban logic #3
Urban logic #3

“In 1986 I made a computer model of coordinated animal motion such as bird flocks and fish schools. It was based on three dimensional computational geometry of the sort normally used in computer animation or computer aided design. I called the generic simulated flocking creatures boids.”
Boids by Craig Reynolds


The basic flocking model consists of three simple steering behaviors which describe how an individual boid maneuvers based on the positions and velocities its nearby flockmates:
Separation: steer to avoid crowding local flockmates:
Alignment: steer towards the average heading of local flockmates
Cohesion: steer to move toward the average position of local flockmates

Each boid has direct access to the whole scene’s geometric description, but flocking requires that it reacts only to flockmates within a certain small neighborhood around itself. The neighborhood is characterized by a distance (measured from the center of the boid) and an angle, measured from the boid’s direction of flight. Flockmates outside this local neighborhood are ignored. The neighborhood could be considered a model of limited perception (as by fish in murky water) but it is probably more correct to think of it as defining the region in which flockmates influence a boids steering.

StudioStad - S